In addition to his professorship, Cole is the editor of the International Journal of Middle East Studies and the author of a weblog focusing on U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East. He emerged in 2003 as a sought-after Middle East expert for the major media (including The New York Times, the Washington Post, and National Public Radio), as well as for influential leftist bloggers such as Joshua Micah Marshall, Brad Delong, and Mark A. R. Kleinman.
According to Jonathan Calt Harris, Cole "is blindly anti-Israel to the point of being an anti-Semitic conspiracy theorist, an apologist for radical Islam, and someone who despises American public opinion." Cole has supported the Israel divestment campaign by numerous American colleges, on grounds that Arabs are "mistreated" by Israel.
Cole’s views are shaped by his fundamental belief in a conspiracy of Jewish “neo-conservatives” who dictate U.S. policy toward the Middle East. His recurrent theme is that a nebulous "pro-Likud" cabal controls the American government from a small number of key positions in the Executive Branch. He never names the leaders or organizations behind this conspiracy, but vaguely associates it with AIPAC, MEMRI, and Jews in the Bush administration.
Here are some examples:
“The Neocons wanted to knock down Saddam, Khamenei and al-Asad in hopes that those countries would be so weakened and preoccupied with internal power struggles that Sharon would have an unimpeded opportunity to pursue his dreams of Greater Israel.”
“It may be that the powerful Likudniks inside the U.S. government are deliberately engineering a diplomatic rift in NATO, so as to ensure that Paris and Moscow cannot position themselves to influence Washington’s position (usually supine) toward Sharon’s excesses.”
Paul Wolfowitz’s attitude toward NATO allies is “so gratuitous and immature that one can only guess something else lay behind it.”
When Karen Kwiatkowski, a retired U.S. Air Force Lt. Colonel sponsored by the political Left critical of U.S. policy in Iraq, analyzed the war aims of the Neocon network, Cole berated her for not pointing to a Jewish conspiracy. “I am surprised,” said Cole, “she left out what surely was the Neocons’ major concern, which is that Iraq, Iran and Syria stood in the way of Ariel Sharon’s continued theft of Arab land in the Occupied Territories and potentially elsewhere.”
Cole contends that “Saddam Hussein never gave any real support to the Palestinian cause, and he did not pay suicide bombers to blow themselves up.” In fact Saddam not only provided $25,000 per suicide bomber, but he gave $74 million directly to the terrorist organization Hamas. But even if Saddam did pay money to the families of these murderers, Cole insists, “Supporting orphans [of dead suicide bombers] is, in any case, not the same as funding terrorism.”
“Are there Muslims who are fascists?” says Cole. “Sure. But there is no Islamic fascism, since 'Islam' has to do with the highest ideals of the religion.” He decries the term “Islamo-fascist” as a “thoroughly abhorrent” form of bigotry, even as he routinely brands Zionism “racist” and “fascist.”
After a jihadist named Omar Mateen, who professed allegiance to the Islamic State (a.k.a. ISIS or ISIL), used a gun to murder 49 people and wound 53 others at the gay nightclub "Pulse" in Orlando, Florida in June 2016, Cole said: "I don't think it probably was terrorism in any useful sense of the term." The professor explained that Mateen did not "make demands about U.S. government policy," and that hitting soft targets was "not a form of classical strategic terrorism." Citing the fact that Mateen had reportedly been a heavy drinker and a frequent attendee at the Pulse club, Cole also voiced doubt about whether the gunman was in fact a disciple of ISIS. "Puritanical Muslim fundamentalists of the ISIL sort don't behave that way," said Cole. "To put all this on Muslims and Islam in general is frankly absurd," he added.